Srđ is a low-lying hill just behind the city of Dubrovnik.
The hill is a part of the Dinaric Alps, and it has a height of 412 meters (1,352 ft). At its top, you can find a high white stone cross and Fort Imperial, a defensive construction built by the French in 1810 during the Napoleonic Wars. Srđ is quite popular with tourists as a viewpoint from which it is possible to see Dubrovnik, the Adriatic Sea, Lokrum island, and various local attractions.
Srđ was once full of oak trees which locals called “dubrava” (from the old Slavic word dub, “oak tree”), after which the city was named. The southern slope was once loaded with pine forests, but in the second half of the 20th century and during the Croatian War of Independence, the forest was almost completely gutted through numerous fires. The hill was home to one of the most intense battles of the Independence War, called the Siege of Dubrovnik, which is commemorated in a museum in Fort Imperial. The cable car that was disabled during that time has been reopened, and Srđ has been developed as a tourist attraction.
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