Dubrovnik is best known by its unique Old Town, all surrounded by the City Walls. The Walls of Dubrovnik are 1940 meters long and contain six fortresses (Bokar, St John, Lovrijenac, Revelin, St Lucas, and Minčeta). It is a beautiful experience to walk down the Walls of Dubrovnik, so this should be one of your to-do activities while in Dubrovnik.
The walls are the leading cause of why Dubrovnik is called the Pearl of the Adriatic. Dubrovnik is circled with protective forts and walls, including the Old Port. The walls run continuously for 1940 meters in length, surrounding most of the city, and have a maximum height of around 25 meters (83 feet).
Dubrovnik walls were built in a time when there was a threat of foreign invasions over the Dubrovnik Republic. The city was divided from the land by the sea channel which was loaded with the earth in the 11th century. In the 13th century, the whole town was surrounded by the walls.
The design originates from the 14th century. The ultimate shape was set in interval between the fall of Constantinople in 1453., and the earthquake in 1667. That phase is proclaimed as the Golden Age of Dubrovnik.
The walls are protected at four positions by strong forts, by two circuit towers, twelve quadrilateral forts, two corner towers, and five bastions while the scarp wall is flanked by one big and nine small semi-circular bastions. In the east, Revelin Fortress protects the port; the Tower Minčeta is on the north, Fortress of Saint John is placed at the southwest. Fortress Bokar is placed on the western entrance to the city, while the west end of the town is guarded by Fortress Lovrijenac.
Dubrovnik has preserved his walls so perfectly, and that is why is included in the World Heritage List from UNESCO since 1979.
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